The search is for pair-produced WIMPS, where the presence of the interaction is detected by the observation of an ISR photon and nothing else. At ILC (but not LHC) this kind of interaction can be described in a almost model-independent way with EFT. Apart from the obvious ee→nunu + ISR ireducible background, also ee→ ee (down the beam-pipe) + ISR are the backgrounds. No dedicated signal simulation is needed; one can simply reweight the ee→nunu + ISR gamma-spectrum (as a function of theta and E_gamma) to be that of any signal
This benchmark in particular can probe two features:
- Photon detection and measurement.
- Hermeticity, in particular the performance of the very forward calorimeters.
The main (and only) direct observables for the signal is the momentum of the ISR photon, The physics observable is the exclusion/discovery WIMPs in the mediator-mass/coupling plane for different lorentz-structures of the interaction.
- Gamma detection efficiency at all angles, in all relevant calorimeters.
- Rejection power of the very forward calorimeters against other activity than the ISR.
Previous analyses by Christoph Bartels & al. :'Characterising WIMPs at a future e+e− Linear Collider', arxiv:1206.6639. Finishing study by Moriz Habermehl & al. : 'WIMP searches at the International Linear Collider' PoS ICHEP2016 (2016) 155, arxiv:1702.05377
Moritz Habermehl : "Dark Matter at the International Linear Collider", https://inspirehep.net/record/1717582/files/Moritz_Habermehl_PhD.pdf
The GitHub repository is ILDbench_WIMP in the ILDAnaSoft project.